Chemical Dictionary

  1. September 03, 2018

    Never Mix Bleach & Ammonia

      Mixing bleach and ammonia is extremely dangerous, since toxic vapors will be produced. The primary toxic chemical formed by the reaction is chloramine vapor, which has the potential to form hydrazine. Chloramine is…
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  2. April 13, 2018

    Acidic Organic Salt

    Organic Acid much like mineral acids possess acidic properties but being organic they tend to be weaker and do not dissociate completely in water. Organic acids that have a lower molecular mass…
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  3. April 13, 2018

    Alkaline Salts

    Alkaline Salts ‘basic salts’ are formed during the neutralisation of a strong base and weak acid and contain both hydroxide and other anions. A common example; sodium…
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  4. April 13, 2018

    Alcohol Hydrotrope

    Hydrotropes allow for hydrophobic compounds to become soluble in aqueous situations. Hydrotropes do not require an exact concentration and there for the risk of self-aggregation is small. Often…
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  5. April 13, 2018

    Alcohol Solvent

    Alcohols are commonly used as solvents in a versatile range of applications. These solvents are slightly polar and act as good, multi purpose solvents for polar organic,…
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  6. April 13, 2018

    Aluminium Chlorhydrate

    Aluminium Chlorohydrate is a group of specific aluminium salts that are used in cosmetics and water purification. Due to its high charge aluminium chlorohydrate is a popular…
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  7. April 13, 2018

    Aluminium Sulfate

    Aluminium Sulfate is a water soluble compound that acts as a coagulating agent in the purification of water and water treatment plants as well as paper manufacturing.…
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  8. April 13, 2018

    Ammonium Hydroxide

    Ammonium Hydroxide is a colourless liquid with a bitter smell that is produced by the dissolution of ammonia in water. Used as a cleaning agent in industrial and commercial…
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  9. April 13, 2018

    Anionic Surfactant

    Anionic surfactants are used in products that remove dirt, clay and oil stains. When combined with water, Anionic surfactants ionize and create a negative charge that binds…
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  10. April 13, 2018

    Aqua Ammonia

    Aqua Ammonia, also known as Ammonia solution is a solution with Ammonia in water. It is used in many industries including household cleaning products, water treatment, food production and furniture production. HouseHold cleaning products usually…
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  11. April 13, 2018

    Benzalkonium Chloride

    Benzalkonium Chloride is a cationic surfactant most famous for its use in outdoor moss & algae killers. Benzalkonium Chloride is an organic salt that is classified as a…
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  12. April 13, 2018

    Boric acid

    Boric Acid is used as an antiseptic, insecticide, flame retardant neutron absorber or precursor for other chemicals. Its appearance is a colourless crystal or white powder…
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  13. April 13, 2018

    Butyl Glycol Ether

    Butyl Glycol Ether has a weak smell, is colourless and a high boiling point. It is used in hard surface cleaners, industrial cleaning, paints and coatings, paper chemicals…
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  14. April 13, 2018


    Calcium is an alkaline earth metal that has a pale yellow appearance when it is in its raw form. When exposed to air it forms a dark oxide-nitride layer. Calcium is found in limestone and sea…
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  15. April 13, 2018

    Caustic Soda & Sodium hydroxide

    Caustic Soda also known as Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic, inorganic compound that is highly soluble in water and absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide in the air. It is a highly caustic base and alkali that is used alongside neutral water…
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